Bhutan consists of 20 dzongkhags or districts, which can roughly be divided into Western, Central and Eastern Bhutan.Photo of ornate architecture inside a Bhutan temple

Western Bhutan
Western Bhutan encompasses Wangdue Phodrang, Punakha valley, Thimphu valley, Paro valley and the Haa valley. These valleys are divided bij three major La’s (passes): the Pele La, Dochu La and Cheli La. It's the part of the country where you find an abundance of rice paddies, beautiful mountain scenery, rich orchards and clear blue rivers. Amidst the green you ly the characteristic two-story houses, still built in traditional style and windows with brightly painted designs. The Ngalops, one of Bhutan's three major tribes, live mainly here. It’s major cities are Paro, Thimphu and Punaka.

·  Paro is a little town situated in a charming and peaceful valley where the landscape is mainly dominated by rice cultivation. In Paro you find the Taktshang Dzong, which is Bhutan’s most famous monastery. It hangs on a cliff at 3.120 meters (10.200 feet), some 700 meters (2.300 feet) above the bottom of Paro Valley. Knowing this, you understand its' nickname ‘TigTrashi Chhoe Dzong in Thimphu er’s nest’.
·  Lying in the centre of the Himalayas you find Thimphu: Bhutan’s national capital. It's nothing like a normal, major city though. Instead, this small city breathes medieval times. It’s the only capital in the world with no traffic lights, only a few cars and hardly any streetsigns. What you do find, is people dressed in traditional clothing, passing wooden houses and shops all build in the typical traditional, colorful Bhutanese style. Worthwile visiting in Thimpu are the central post office with a wide and diverse collection of beautiful stamps, the traditional painting school, National Library and memorial Chorten. While you’re in the capital, make sure you don’t miss the weekend market which offers a glimpse of the wild variety of vegetables like chillies, aspargus, rice, eggplant and okra. It’s also an exellent place to buy your souvenirs, which come from all over Bhutan. Whether you’re looking for tailor made clothing, hand woven textiles, jewelry, incense, hand made knives, woordcarvings or tradtional Bhutanese masks; here you’ll find it for sure. 

Another thing you definitely want to visit, is the Tashi Chhoe Dzong, lying on the banks of the Thimphu river (Wangchhu). This very impressive building which is home of the National Assembly, overlooks the city and the river. It’s also the place where Thimpu’s monastic community spends its summer. It’s also worthwile visiting the Simtokha Dzong, only six kilometers out of Thimpu. This oldest dzong of Bhutan houses the Dzongka language school of Bhutan.

·  Bhutan’s former winter capital is Punakha. Nowadays it's a sacred place where the Je Khenpo (leader of Bhutan’s religious order) and the monk body of Thimpu still spend the winter, due to its temperate climate. The Punakha dzong is an immense and magnificent monastery with 21 tempBhutan Punakha valley les, strategically built between two rivers.

Central Bhutan
Central Bhutan is the place to be if you like walking in broad valleys, surrounded by sloping mountains. This part of the country includes several rich valleys, amongst them the popular ones of Bumthang, Ura and Trongsa. These valleys with an abundance of dwarf bamboo are divided bij four major La’s: the Thrumshing La, Shertang La, Yotang La and Pele La. Here you can find many fields where buckwheat is grown, as well as splendid apple orchards. Typical for the region are its' many monasteries.

·  Bumthang
The Bumthang valley consists of four majour mountain valleys (Chhume, Ura, Tang and Chokhor). It is commonly referred to as the valley of Bumthang since it is in the large valley of Chokhor (also known as Bhumtag, the valley o